Alcohol Interventions for the Disease of Alcoholism
For those individuals of legal drinking age, alcohol is a legal and socially acceptable drug. Alcohol utilizes first pass metabolism, and is one of the few drugs that enters the blood stream, initially, from the stomach. Recent evidence suggests that genetic/physiological factors – specifically the presence, absence and amount of digestive enzyme(s) available in the gut – greatly influence the user’s first and continued experience with alcohol. There are gender and racial biases important in understanding one’s ability to remove alcohol as a toxin from the body. Individuals who are biologically incapable or limited in their ability to process alcohol as a toxin, experience a much higher blood alcohol level than a person with a “normal” amount of enzyme. Such a predisposition genetically affords the enzyme deficient (or absent) user with experiences that are more challenging and damaging to the body, both short and long term. Social pressures and underlying psychiatric co-morbidities (addictive personalities) may promote such a person’s consumption of alcohol and increase the likelihood of abuse and addiction, ignorant of alcohol’s chemical dependency potential.
Alcohol interventions are required after the self-inflicted maltreatment, injury, or damage from alcohol addiction. This includes the physical body of the addict and the social and/or financial harm that will affect this same “natural person” within society. It includes the family, friends, coworkers and congregation members who are likely victims and/or enablers of the addict’s abusive behavior.